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The Mystery of the Jersey Devil

Published: 6:11 PM 9/22/2018

The Jersey Devil

The unmasking of the Jersey Devil

written by Steve Pearse

The mystery of the Jersey Devil comes to us from the State of New Jersey, USA, and the neighboring states. The Jersey Devil’s history places it at very top of the baffling crypto- zoological mysteries, but today it’s just a faded memory from the past. The Jersey Devil is a very elusive cryptid that has baffled and memorized the public for hundreds of years, yet research has hit the brick wall, in part, because any effort to resolve the mystery has been stigmatized as pseudo-science. The conundrum is the fact that numerous reputable people past and present have seen it. Yet, ultimately we still have to ask if it’s real. After conducting ground breaking research my opinion is that it is indeed real.

New Jersey is called the Garden State, and the scorecard for the State of New Jersey has many firsts credited to the state. Dutch settlers opened up the first copper mine in 1640; the first brewery opened up in Hoboken in 1642; and the first baseball game was played in 1846. The first light Bulb was invented by Thomas Edison in Menlo Park; and the first town to be lighted by electricity was Roselle, New Jersey. The first silent movie was also made by Thomas Edison in 1883.

While all these historic firsts were being recorded, there was something else going on in the deep recesses of the Pine Barrens, the frontier had many things to fear, which included the Jersey Devil that was said to inhabit forested Pine Barrens of Southern New Jersey. Something frightful was out there lurking in the woods, and that “something” had the wail of a banshee. All states have a special state symbols such as a flower, or a state bird, but New Jersey takes this a little bit further, because they’re the only state to have an official state demon. The Jersey Devil was named the official state demon in 1939 in New Jersey.

It has a strange general description, having the combination, and looks of body parts of a variety of currently known animals. The creature is often described as a flying bipedal cryptid with hooves, but there are still many contrary opinions, as to what it actually looked like. The common description from eyewitnesses said that it’s kind of looks like a kangaroo-like creature, with the head of a horse, leathery bat-like wings, and long bird-like legs, claws, hooves, a hideous face, and lastly a forked tail. Having hooves is questionable.

The bizarre physical description is too strange for our logical minds to accept. The Jersey Devil has now fallen on hard times. The Jersey Devil is a troublesome enigma because to this day it’s still an unknown cryptid creature that deifies our sensibilities of reality. It’s a legendary creature with documented tangible history throughout the State of New Jersey, but it’s not in the local zoo, so in our times it’s been demoted to a myth, even worse is the fact that very few people today believe that its real.

It has been reported to move quickly, and often is described as emitting a "blood-curdling scream.” Eyewitnesses say that it hops like a bird. It was called a variety of different nick names such as the flying death, kangaroo horse, flying horse, cowbird, and a prehistoric lizard. Several people have even said its body looks like an alligator. Some drawings show it with four feet, while other drawings show two feet. This adds to the overall confusion of what it is. The strange foot prints that were found present another problem that needs to be resolved.

In 1909, the Philadelphia Zoo posted a $10,000 reward for the Jersey Devils creature's capture. Robert D. Carson, the Zoo Director, was quoted saying from what I have read, "I don't know what animal it is, but if it is captured, and corresponds with the descriptions published, the Zoo will give $10,000. It will be a valuable addition to our collection. Undoubtedly it could draw crowds to the garden, and would be of educational value too--if it exists. But my private opinion is that it is going to be very hard to capture." Today the equivalent value would be $228,081.

Walter Edge, twice governor of New Jersey, was quoted saying: "When I was a boy--I was never threatened with the bogey man--we were threatened with the Jersey Devil, morning, noon, and night." Words of wisdom that now fall on deaf ears. It wasn’t a phony creature to them, and they had no doubts that it was real. The legend has an identity crisis, the majority of people today are skeptical and don’t think it’s real.

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The Jersey Devil (Public Domain)

The Jersey Devil (Philadelphia Evening Bulletin, January 1909)

The recorded history of the Colonial settler’s encounters with the Jersey Devil starts in the 1700’s, as it began to terrorize the immigrants. They left Europe seeking religious freedom, and the settlers mostly belonged to the Dutch Reformed Church also known as the Quakers. Many saw Quakers as radical Puritans, because the Quakers carried to extremes many Puritan convictions. Quakerism's 17th century English founders envisioned it as the restoration of original Christianity, and like the first Christians, were imprisoned, tortured, and executed for their beliefs. Many of the American colonists brought superstitions and strange customs with them, a belief in witches, and a fascination with alleged conspiracies with the devil. Their fears, as we’ll soon see, are traceable back to the demons of Europe. Nothing has changed, because it was here too!

There is one name indelibly inked to the legend of the Jersey Devil, and this story involves Japheth Leeds, and a young lady named Deborah Smith who had come from England to the Pine Barrens in southern New Jersey to marry him in the 17th Century. Japheth married Deborah Smith in 1704, and their first child was Mary, and she was born in 1704. Deborah was 17 years old at the time of her birth. Deborah died at the age of 63 in December, 1748 in Atlantic County, New Jersey. They had a large family, and they had 12 children. The twelve children and year they were born: Mary (1704), Robert (1706), John (1708), Japheth Jr. (1710), Nehemiah (1712), Sarah (1713), James (1714), Daniel (1716), Deborah (1720), Dorothy (1722) Ann (1724) and Hannah (1726). Hannah her last child was born on February 18, 1726. There is no record for any further children after her 12th child.

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Japheth Leeds House N.J. 0204 (Library of Congress) (Public Domain)

Japheth Leeds farmed 800-1000 acres of land that he had gotten from his father in 1710, and he died in December 1855 at the age of 70. The Leed’s were Quakers, who were known to be extremely straight laced and very superstitious. The Quakers were known for their extensive use of “Thee” as an ordinary pronoun, refusal to participate in war, wore plain dress, refusing to swear oaths, opposition to slavery and teetotalism, or opposition to alcohol. A rather unusual footnote: On 5/7/1740, the Great Egg Harbor monthly meeting of Friends; lists the topic of conversation as: To deal with Deborah Leeds for selling drink.

To make matters worse, there was an old legend that she was a witch, however often healers or herbalists were labeled that. There is a strange tale of a exorcism being performed also in the year 1740, by a Quaker minister to exorcise the Jersey Devil, and banishing the beast from their mist for the next 100 years. So if this was true, this strange exorcism had to be performed in their house. Living on the frontier was very scary for them, and they had a ritualistic habit of quoting the bible verse by verse, and they often bought charms to ward off evil spirits.

The Quaker women had a penchant for spinning tall tales when they met together. Story telling was a favorite pastime; it was gossipy entertainment, telling thrilling horror stories to titillate their friends. They didn’t have horror movies, but they did have gossipy horror tales to tell over a candle at night to scare children and other women folk. This was their style of entertainment.

It was juicy gossip, and it became an urban legend that she had a 13th child. Deborah Leeds is the only known "Mother Leeds" of Leeds Point, New Jersey that had 12 children, and this was also in the right time frame of sightings of the Jersey Devil, so she's the one most people ascribes to the legend of the "Jersey Devil," or the "13th child" legend. The story goes that after bearing twelve healthy children, supposedly Mrs. Leeds was dismayed to discover she was now carrying a thirteenth child. For the superstitious, this number brings bad luck or misfortune. The most popular version of the Leeds Devil legend relates that she was going to be the mother of a demon child. Having child after child they struggled to survive on their farm.

The Leeds folklore tale says that after finding she was pregnant for the thirteenth time, she cursed the child in frustration, crying that the child would be the devil. During 1735, Mother Leeds was in labor on a stormy night while her friends gathered around her. Born as a normal child, the thirteenth child changed to a creature with hooves, a goat's head, bat wings, and a forked tail.

Growling and screaming, it allegedly killed the midwife before flying up the chimney, and heading into the pines. In some versions of the tale, in other tales Mother Leeds was supposedly a witch and the child's father was the Devil himself. There are tales about Leeds Devil being heard at night, but there is no direct information that it ever attacked them. Being highly superstitious, the Quakers had a remedy to ward off the Leeds Devil, which used a folklore method of throwing salt and pepper around the house.

For safety while travelling, the best protection was to carry a small bag of onions hung around the neck. In the beginning, it was known as the Leeds Devil, but years later the Jersey Devil name became more popular later on. The State of New Jersey experienced a major paranormal event, in January 1909, it was seen in person by thousands of people (January 16-23) 1909, schools were closed, and factories closed down temporarily out of fear. This begs the question of motive, as they delivered a blunt in your face message, appearing all over the state, the sudden arrival, appears to suggest that they wanted us to see them this time, and the brazen time frame of their impromptu visit was carried out when they felt that we were ready for a wake call to the reality of their existence.

It begs two fundamental questions: Are they indigenous and what is it? The history of their sudden “visit” is well established, but at the same time it’s unfathomable, the motivation and sudden appearance during the Phenomenal Week is truly bizarre. Everyday ordinary people were still not ready to accept them as they were. The reaction to their sudden appearance was ghastly; the general population was not prepared, and truly horrified at finally seeing the legendary Jersey Devil in the flesh. Thousands of people saw the Devil, and their strange footprints, and it shook the townspeople to the core at seeing this terrible looking creature, that they called the “Flying Death.” With their arrival in full swing, events were taking place every day, and panic was sweeping through the whole state as reports from all over the state started to be reported.

Farmers reported that their livestock was being attacked, and a wide cross section of people in all walks of life, reported personal encounters with the Jersey Devil.

Very little is known publically about some of the freakier paranormal events, bizarre reports say that they were seen in very human form; and these people refused to say anything more about what they had encountered. This seems to show that the Jersey Devil possesses unusual abilities of shape-shifting to disguise their true form. It’s unknown if any communication was attempted, but a thought to consider is that a brief telepathic message might have occurred. To be honest it sounds like London’s Spring heeled Jack.

As strange as it sounds, England had a very similar event in 1855. The tracks that they found in their yards in New Jersey, in 1909, had occurred years earlier in the UK too, some unknown cryptid was doing the same impossible things in Devonshire, England in 1855, fifty-four years earlier.

To add confusion to this story it needs to be mentioned that a bizarre event took place in April, 1909, the city of Georgetown, Delaware, USA. They were being terrorized by a "Devil in Black." The strange figure was first seen late in the month of April when a dozen or so people saw it in the course of a single evening. Over seven feet tall, and wearing a long black cloak, the "Devil in Black" (as it had come to be called) jumped from behind trees to startle women and young ladies. To this day there is no explanation.

There are many eyewitness cases on the Jersey Devil that took place in 1909, during the Phenomenon week, and I’m citing three unusual cases that tell of events that took place with everyday people. They’re dramatic narrative real stories of people who saw the Jersey Devil.

#1: Police Patrolman James Sackville: In Bristol, Pennsylvania one sighting was made by Patrolman James Sackville, Patrolman Sackville was walking his beat Sunday evening making his rounds in Bristol, Pennsylvania, and as he was walking up toward Buckley/Carson Streets, he hears some dogs barking and howling. As he got closer, he turned and looked over, and saw a Jersey Devil standing by the canal. He pulled his pistol out and ran up toward the Jersey Devil; the creature then turned, and started hopping down the canal tow-path by (Lock #2), and then it took flight to get away. He got a couple of rounds off as the creature flew close to the ground, then it soared up into the night sky and disappeared.

He described the beast as being winged, but it hopped like a bird, with features of a “peculiar animal.” Its voice was like a terrible scream. Sackville confirmed that it hops, and the fact that he’s saying that it’s peculiar looking, and saying how strange it looked to him. He was later promoted to chief of the Bristol Police Department.

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Patrolman James A. Sackville (Courtesy of Chief Porter/ Public Domain)

Photo of Chief James Sackville Bristol Chief of Police (courtesy Chief Arnold Porter 2013)

#2: Mr. Frank Rouh: The next incident took place on Ferry Ave, Camden, New Jersey, January 21, 1909 (Thursday) Time: 1:00 AM in the morning. Frank Rouh is the owner of the saloon. His bar was a local social club called the Black Hawk Social Club located in the 700 block of Ferry Ave. in Camden. In the early morning, Rouh suddenly became very bothered and distracted by what he then described as an "uncanny sound" coming from outside the back window of the club; he turned around to see a creature looking at him through the window.

The story relates that the Jersey Devil was standing outside the building, and looking into the Black Hawk Social Club from the back window. I didn’t find any record of the Black Hawk Social Club, and he was listed in the Camden 1906 phone book as a saloon owner. I’m sure that the Jersey Devil wasn’t stopping by for a drink.

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Black Hawk Social Club (Courtesy Phil Cohen/ Public Domain)

This is the building that Mr. Frank Rouh owned. He says that the Jersey Devil was outside the back window peeping in, so this is the spot where it was standing. You can almost imagine that it’s making some kind of noise to get his attention. Mr. Rouh feared for his life, and was very terrified as he stood there looking out the window. Other members seeing the Jersey Devil, fled the club "in abject fear" in sheer panic. Rouh, stood his ground, and in a desperate stance of self defense, he seized a large club to protect himself, and then the Jersey Devil flew off emitting "blood curdling sounds." The story says that the Jersey Devil was standing outside the building, and looking into the Black Hawk Social Club from the back window.

#3: Mr. and Mrs. J. H. White, Ellsworth St. Philadelphia, PA.: One of the most unusual accounts of the Jersey Devil came from a couple named White. Mrs. White reported that she saw one in her back yard around 4 P.M. in the afternoon; she was walking down the stairs into her backyard with a load of clothes, and clearly saw a Jersey Devil crouching in her backyard. It immediately stood up, and looked at her, and then it spewed flames at her. She screamed and fainted, and fell to the ground. Her husband heard her, and then he ran down the stairs, and saw his wife on the ground. He saw the Jersey Devil shooting flames out of its mouth too. They estimated its height at six feet, and said that it looked like an alligator. He chased after the Jersey Devil as it jumped over the back fence of their yard, and then it ran into the back alley leading to Sixteenth St. shooting flames at him while he was in hot pursuit. This sounds very reminiscent of Spring Heeled Jack which was investigated by Mike Dash.

This was the Lucy Scales case dated 28 February 1838, when Spring Heeled Jack spurted "a quantity of blue flame" in her face, which deprived her of her sight, and so alarmed her, that she instantly dropped to the ground, and was seized with violent fits which continued for several hours.

My opinion is that the flames shooting out of its mouth is an illusion, Spring Heeled Jack did the same trick. As we get deeper into this story, the Fresno Pterodactyl was also said to look like a Pterodactyl with alligator like skin. My theory is that they’re one and the same.

With hundreds of eyewitnesses, and many years of strange reports that date back for hundreds of years, there is an endless supply of countless stories that have been reported, and circulated in newspapers describing the Jersey Devils escapades, killing sheep and raiding chicken coops, and the late night raids on farms and destroying crops. His presence has been seen, and felt by many in at least fifty different towns, when he emerges from his natural lair in the Pinelands, and reportedly wanders throughout Southern New Jersey, sometimes intriguing and sometimes terrorizing the residents.

Several reports of the Jersey Devil's death also proved to be inconclusive, and even the scientific community could not explain its existence. Belief in the Jersey Devil is quite real, and based on records of concrete occurrences. Reliable people, including police, government officials, businessmen, clergy and many others whose integrity is beyond question, have witnessed the Devil’s activities. To this day, people traveling down the Garden State Parkway or the Atlantic City Expressway, have reported sightings of “something” or tell stories of strange occurrences. Many continue to believe that the legendary being is still around, disturbing the region, and in all probability it will continue to do so for generations to come. It’s said to primarily inhabit the Pine Barrens of Southern New Jersey, United States. The creature is often described as a flying biped with hooves, but there are many different interpreted variations.

Eyewitness testimony is always a problem; the problem with this description is the highly unlikely combination of wings and hoofs, making it a chimera, a strange creature with improbable parts. As a cryptozoological mystery, it has deep roots in dire need of scientific research; unfortunately they have no interest in conducting any. The Jersey Devil has been a perplexing enigma, and this inexplicable occurrence for science really confounded them. Back in 1909, an unnamed expert from the Smithsonian Institute had a theory about ancient creatures surviving underground, and he believed that the Jersey Devil was a Pterodactyl. The Academy of Natural Sciences could find no record of any creature, living or extinct, that resembles the Jersey Devil. Today people still believe that it could be a pterodactyl.

The nagging problem is the fact that there isn’t a known animal that fits the description of this terrifying creature. Things are about to change. This puts the State of New Jersey at the center, and in some cases you can say, it’s at the epicenter, the focal point of strange happenings. But in the end, the Jersey Devil still has a very large question mark after its name. Folklorist Stephen D. Winick, PhD (Folklore Degree) has many stories about the Jersey Devil, AKA the Leeds Devil, and says that they’re a typical feature of south Jersey folklore. The meaning of these stories differs according to different hearers. To some, the Jersey Devil is an unknown beast, a cryptozoological specimen living in a remote area. To others, he is a supernatural monster, the product of a curse by a mother on an unwanted baby, or of a priest on a wicked family. Some think he is a pure hoax, and others think he is the product of overwrought imaginations. To still others, he is a campfire tale, a spooky feature of camping trips to the New Jersey Pines.

Brian Regal PhD (History of Science) is a vocal skeptic in New Jersey, who claims that the Jersey Devil is a just a myth, and he has given talks all over the region telling people the Real Story of the Jersey Devil, saying the legend became layered with myths and variations that have obscured the original events that gave rise to it, namely pointing to the fictionalized Leed’s story.

Regal in his own words: My book is a radical reinterpretation of the legend of the Jersey Devil written with my Kean colleague Dr. Frank J. Esposito. Rather than viewing the origins of the myth in some biological creature, we see the story as born of the religious and political upheavals, and publishing rivalries of colonial America. It is titled The Secret History of the Jersey Devil: how Hucksters, Quakers, and Benjamin Franklin created a monster. Regal: “There is a certain basic morphology to it, It sort of looks like an emaciated deer with wings. I always tell people, imagine if Pegasus went over to the dark side. Or if Pegasus had let himself go, that’s sort of what the Jersey Devil looks like. But the problem is you can’t have a quadruped with wings.” The cartoon images drawn of the Jersey Devil have typically filled in details of a horse, it’s not a horse, nor is it four legged quadruped mammal. The Chinese also have a white flying Pegasus in there mythology.

There was a diehard group called the Devil Hunters, a small research organization dedicated to discovering the truth about the Jersey Devil and its legend. They organized over 40 hunts to try to find the Jersey Devil, but unfortunately they came up empty handed. In 2003 alone they mounted a hunt nearly every month doing 10 searches for that year. They have been very ambitious in their continual efforts to seek the truth, but it appears that the Jersey Devil doesn’t want to be found. There is no current information available on their quest to find it.

In 2009 Monster Quest (H2) sponsored an expedition into the Pine Barrens to flush out the Jersey Devil; Dave Fanz a local Biologist/Hunter who supervised a 60 man ground search team using the latest high-tech equipment, to take a scientific look at this legendary creature. With 25 spotters up in the trees, a line of 35 men formed a line that walked into the targeted area that was selected in hope of catching the Jersey Devil on film. The only thing that they spotted was some deer and other wild life. Once again the Jersey Devil was nowhere to be seen.

On the Monster Quest’s television documentary titled “Devils in New Jersey” one of the main guest speakers was Professor Angus K. Gillespie from Rutgers University, a Professor of American Studies. Professor Gillespie is a folklorist, who has studied myths, legends, tales, and ballads found in the United States, and he has studied the Jersey Devil for nearly 40 years. Gillespie has absolutely no doubt that it’s real. He says that “people from all walks of life have seen the Jersey Devil, and says that it’s a fearsome, awesome, and a very dangerous creature.”

Proponents agree that much crypto-zoological evidence is weak. But perhaps it would be prudent for the skeptics to start paying closer attention to history. Scientists who are skeptical of cryptids in general, agree that some specific cases might represent animals unrecognized by science. I believe that the Jersey Devil is an unrecognized type of Native American Thunderbird. As this story has developed, I have documented the fact this tale has some very deep roots, and a much broader unknown past history. The unsolved mystery of the identity of the Jersey Devil has baffled New Jerseyan’s for hundreds of years, and it has been an unexplained phenomena. Skeptics contend that evidence for the existence of cryptids is typically limited to anecdotal evidence, or other forms of evidence insufficient to withstand normal scientific scrutiny by the general zoological community. Or perhaps is it because they ignore history?

The Lenni Lenape tribes called the area around Pine Barrens "Popuessing", meaning "place of the dragon", near a creek. Then we have the start of the European Settlers history of the Jersey Devil that dates back to the early 1600’s. In 1677 Swedish explorers discovered strange footprints near the same creek, and they named the spot Drake Kill, after the serpent-like legendary dragon that appears in the folklore of so many cultures around the world. The legend of the Jersey Devil has gone on for ages, gone far beyond just a pulp fiction anecdotal story, which is why this story has become such an enigma. Nevertheless, to this day it continues to be seen. Ignoring history also helps perpetuate the mystery. It defies logic because there is no known animal that can even begin to come close to resembling the collective physiological information of the Jersey Devil, or any other winged creatures of antiquity, so we are told, but is this really true or is it more about bad research?

The dots need to be connected. Historically European dragons are legendary creatures in folklore and mythology among the overlapping cultures of Europe, and Asia. The Legend of the Jersey Devil in America is supposed to be a different story; and scientifically speaking, removing the label of it being just a myth isn’t going to happen overnight. Many people have tried to figure out what it is, and researching the origin of the Jersey Devil has hit a brick wall.

In trying to figure out what the Jersey Devil cryptid was, I opted to look into history for some better answers, and soon found a potential candidate. In the modern period, the European dragon is typically depicted as a large, fire-breathing, scaly, horned, lizard-like creature; the creature also has leathery, bat-like wings, two or four legs, and a long, muscular prehensile tail. The Jersey Devil is Fire breathing too! This was a likeness too similar to ignore. There is every reason now to entertain the theory that the Jersey Devil used to be called a dragon. The theory that it’s a Pterodactyl like creature is worthy of consideration. Discovering that it has roots in Europe changes everything. The “Jersey Devil” is just its American name.

I had to ask myself: Is there any possible connection between dragons and dinosaurs? The information is quite astounding, and yes, there is very strong evidence to suggest that dragons really were dinosaurs. With this piece of the puzzle in place, I saw the green light to move forward. The dragon mythology of European history has strangely migrated to America, and now we have our own history in the modern era of flying monsters within our midst that we cannot figure out. It’s been drilled into our head that all of the dinosaurs were killed off 65 million years ago; we’re being told it’s impossible that any of them survived the epic dinosaur holocaust.

For generations scientists previously believed that dinosaurs were cold blooded, like fish, amphibians, and reptiles. Then some scientists began to argue that dinosaurs were warm- blooded, like birds and mammals. Meanwhile, other researchers who were sitting on the fence hypothesized that dinosaurs were meso-therms, not quite hot-blooded and not quite cold-blooded either. This seems to be a sitting on the fence theory, not warm or cold, and not able to make a decision one way or another. Then a new research paper was released, essentially a re-analysis of a 2014 study, pushes the mesotherms theory aside, by arguing that dinosaur’s metabolisms, and growth rates were strikingly similar to those of modern-day mammals. In other words, they were warm-blooded after all. That creaky door is finally opening. Now, random information ends up connecting our mythological based story to a troublesome reality.

In paleontology, a living dinosaur is a dinosaur which is claimed to have survived the K–Pg extinction event, 66 million years ago, into the Paleocene epoch. It has been estimated that the planet took 1-2 million years to fully recover from the asteroid impact. I believe it survived in remote and inaccessible regions, and this species has lived here on Earth for millions of years. One of the top locations in my mind is the Himalayas. I don’t expect that they’re here in large numbers anymore; and as far as bones for the Paleontologists, the valleys of Himalayas offer the best opportunity. The mythology of demons and monsters in ancient history and impact on humanity appears to be quite significant.

Dino extinction is well-documented in the fossil record, but the fossil evidence also demonstrates that birds and dinosaurs shared many features. The scientific consensus is that birds are a group of theropod dinosaurs that evolved during the Mesozoic Era. The Jersey Devil is very well documented in America, and even more so in England and Europe. Coincidently, I soon discovered that there was a wealth of information available on European dragons.

With this ancient information uncovered about the European Dragons history in my mind, I immediately connected the dots to reach the conclusion that the Jersey Devil has had a long nefarious record.

If these iconic monsters of European folklore really died out, then why were scientists like Ulyssis Aldrovandi, Friedrich J. Bertuch, Conrad Gessner, Athanasius Kircher, and Konrad von Megenberg drawing images of dino-birds? Now, can we finally accept that they were really surviving winged theropod dinosaurs? As they say: ‘a picture is worth a thousand words....’

Das Buch der Natur Germany (1349–1350) Konrad von Megenberg (Public Domain) Das Buch der Natur (Book of nature) is a Medieval Latin compendium of science that was edited and translated into German in the 14th century by Konrad von Megenberg. Please look at the creature in the upper right; to me it looks like a bipedal winged horse with a long tail. Insisting that it’s just a myth is getting harder to defend by the minute, it’s in Europe too. This was published 669 years ago.

The mythology of horse faced creatures is wide spread, and one of the most prevalent is the legend of Kelpie. Some mistaken accounts state that the Kelpie retains its hooves when appearing as a human, leading to its association with the Christian idea of Satan. The Kelpie is one of the best known aliases for this creature. The association with Satan is not new, and it has long been directly linked back to the evil satanic demon Seth in Egypt.

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by Konrad von Megenberg in 1349-1350

Kelpie (Kelpy) or water Kelpie is a supernatural water horse in Scotland. The root Etymology of its name comes from the old Gaelic, the language in the Scottish lowlands. In old Gaelic the word (cailpeach) meant colt. It was described as being black in color with wild staring eyes. The name itself refers to a malevolent water-spirit or demon inhabiting the lakes and pools of Scotland. Kelpie had a meaner water horse-spirit by the name of Each-uisge. I believe that they are one and the same creature. They were all over Europe, and now their whereabouts is unknown, but this bizarre mystery has clues. Kelpie is the Jersey Devil’s cousin. It’s the Tikbalang in the Philippines.

Athanasius Kircher, (1602–1680) was a 17th-century German Jesuit scholar, and polymath who published around 40 major works, most notably in the fields of comparative religion, geology, and medicine. Athanasius Kircher is well known for his Natural History of Dragons ("De Draconibus") a chapter within Kircher's monumental study of all things underground is titled: Mundus Subterraneus published in 1665, an amazing 351 years ago. They had physical evidence too.

De Draconibus:

“There is a great deal of debate among writers with regards to dragons: do animals of this sort, actually exist in nature, or, as is often the case in many other things, can they only be found in fables and fairy tales? And we also were stubbornly undecided for a long time as to whether these animals have ever in fact existed. At last, however, it was necessary for us to set aside our doubts; which we did easily, in light of having not only read excerpts from a variety of established authors, but also having heard the accounts of trustworthy eyewitnesses.

Because monstrous animals of this kind (i.e., dragons) quite often make their nests, and rear their young in underground caverns, we assert with a solid basis, that they are a verifiable kind of subterranean species, in accordance with the worthy topic of this book. We know for a fact from recent writers that this kind of animals is of two types: one winged the other not. As to whether the first is in fact a living creature, no one can doubt this; nor ought he to doubt, unless he were to dare to contradict Holy Scripture (itself an unspeakable act), where in the Book of Daniel mention is quite plainly made of the dragon Bel, whose cult was maintained by the Babylonians.

And I shall here append two more accounts from this region. For from this area there are reports of flying dragons from so many and such reliable witnesses, that anyone, I think, who denies their veracity, must be himself completely mad - unless, that is, he is one who, inasmuch as he has concluded that all human faith must be disregarded, cannot accordingly be categorized as a human being with a brain.”

European dragons are legendary creatures in folklore and mythology among the many overlapping cultures of Europe. Dragons are usually shown in modern times with a body like a huge lizard, or a snake with two pairs of lizard-type legs, and able to emit fire from their mouths. This is commonly referred to as a fire-breathing dragon. The European dragon has bat-like wings growing from its back. A dragon-like creature with wings but only a single pair of legs is known as a Wyvern. The European dragons are most associated with fire breathing. I have to believe that the Jersey Devil is just a variant name. I’m positive that it was a legendary dragon.

In a well documented book written by Chogyal Namkhai Norbu, Professor of Tibetan and Mongolian Language and Literature, wrote a ground breaking book titled: The history of Zhang Zhung and Tibet Volume One The Early Period (2013) which provides some startling information of the existence of creatures, specifically ones stating that they were Non-Human Beings.

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Kelpie (Fortean)

Quote: ‘A fundamental point asserted by some traditional historical sources is that in ancient times that this vast country surrounded by snow Mountains was ruled for a very long time by various nonhuman beings.’ I’m providing one, the ancient Tibetan name was Bdud, and in Sanskrit it was called Mara.

Additional support for my theory comes from Adrienne Mayor, Stanford University who said that: “Many paleontologists today believe there might be a link between the mythological creatures ancient peoples believed to be dragons and the discovery of dinosaur fossils.” Adrienne Mayor, a Stanford scholar who researches both folklore and fossils supports that theory and she has written two books which explore those connections.

Final Conclusions

My theory and final conclusion is that the Jersey Devil is an ancient creature called the Kinnaras, and they’re one of the winged flying dino-birds of Earth’s real history. In the Mahabharata, which dates back over 5,500 years, the Kinnaras had their own Kingdom in the Himalayas, called the Kinnara Kingdom. The Mandara Mountains is said to be the abode of the Kinnaras. Based upon what I’ve discovered, they appear to have a variety of multi skin tone sub-species that have evolved over the last 65 million years. They survived.

The epic Mahabharata, mentions the Kinnaras, not as horse-headed beings, but as beings who were half-man and half-horse. This in its self seems to suggest that they were shape-shifting their image to humans back then too. They were one of the members of the exotic non-human tribes of India, which is enough to blow your mind. An equally ancient name for them is Mara, a horse faced demon. The name Mara is thought to have come from Proto Indo European history. In Buddhist cosmology, Mara is associated with death, rebirth, and desire. There is no need to continue to beat around the bush; the Jersey Devil is a Kinnaras, a living and breathing Pterodactylus, with dozens of aliases around the world. Mara is the Lord of Death.

In Tibet they’re known as the bDud. In a booklet titled the Harmful Demons in Tibetan Folklore lists four types Chi-bdag, Nyon-Mongs, Phung-po and Lhai-Bdud. The color of the four types of winged horse faced (bDud) Kinnaras are as follows:

⦁ Chi-bdag gi bDud (Purple)
⦁ Nyon-Mongs (Reddish)
⦁ Phung-po (Orange/Black stripe)
⦁ Lhai-bDud (White)

Number 4 is very significant because there’s a strong chance that it’s Pegasus, and the legendary Centaur of ancient Greece as well. Lastly, it’s potentially connected to the Greek legend of Xanthus, the white horse with the power of speech. However, it really is related to Pegasus

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Pegasus

Greek mythology has a winged flying white horse, and the Chinese also have a flying white horse too now believe that Ken Bakeman’s Lizard Pope is not a alien, they’re indigenous.

Note: They are also known as the four Maras, this now gives us the proper name for Pegasus (Lhai-bDud) and Ken Bakeman’s Lizard Pope. Due to copyright restrictions, I’m not able to show you the drawing of the Lizard Pope, but it can be found on line.

My goal in writing this is to disprove the opinion that cryptozoological research is pseudo-science. There are many profound mysteries in Earth’s history, and one of the biggest mysteries is why ancient people in the past believed in dragons. Were they just myths or were they real, and how do we explain their strong belief in dragons, or is mythology really ancient history? This question is finally resolved. In closing, my opinion is that research into the murky world of mythology proves that some is legitimate forgotten history. The Jersey Devil is a real living pterodactyl, and it’s the horse faced demon Mara. This is only the beginning to this story…New light now suggests the idea that monsters and demons that plagued ancient civilizations were real.

Now you probably have drawn the conclusion that this is not related to the UFO phenomenon, but you would be dead wrong.

permanent link: www.ufocasebook.com/2018/jersey-devil-unmasked.html

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submitted by Steven Pearse

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